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1. The Superiority of Fiqh over Hadith

{He gives wisdom to whomever He will, and whoever receives wisdom receives immense good} (2:269). "He for whom Allh desires great good, He grants him (superlative) understanding in the Religion (yufaqqihhu/yufqihhu f al-dn). I only distribute and it is Allh Who gives. That group shall remain in charge of the Order of Allh, unharmed by those who oppose them, until the coming of the Order of Allh."1

2. Which of the four orthodox madhhabs has the most developed fiqh for Muslims living as minorities?

My first acquaintance with fiqh al-aqalliyyat or the jurisprudence of [Muslim] minorities was in a discussion last year with Dr. Taha Jabir al-Alwani at the International Institute of Islamic Thought in Herndon, Virginia. I understand from him that it is a new area of Islamic jurisprudence, or rather a new name for an old area of jurisprudence, that used to be called fiqh al-nawazil, or "jurisprudence of momentous events". The Maliki madhhab (school of jurisprudence) has among the most well-known literature for this, perhaps because of the experience of the predominantly Maliki populace of the Muslim West in losing Andalus (Islamic Spain) to the Christians.